Security

 


 

[1759]  Benjamin Franklin, An Historical Review of Pennsilvanya, (attributed)

-  "Those that would give up essential liberty to obtain a little temporary safety deserve neither liberty nor safety."

 

[1791]  Wilhelm von Humboldt,  The Limits of State Action, Liberty Fund, Indianapolis, 1993

-  "It cannot surely be forgotten that freedom of thought, and the enlightenment which only flourishes beneath its shelter are the most efficient of all means for promoting security. While all other methods are confined to the mere suppression of actual outbreaks, free inquiry acts immediately on the disposition and sentiments; and while everything else only produces outward conformity, it creates internal harmony between will and activity." (p. 67)

-  "... the chief point to be kept in view by the State is the development of the powers of its citizens in their full individuality; that it must therefore, pursue only that object which they cannot procure for themselves, namely security; and that this is the only true and infallible way to connect, by a strong and enduring bond, two apparently incompatible things: the general end of the State and the ends of all the individual citizens." (p. 133)

 

[1938]  Ignazio Silone,  La scuola dei dittatori, Mondadori, Milano, 2001

-  "L'accettazione cosciente delle difficoltà ha sempre distinto la vita dell'uomo da quella degli animali domestici: galline pecore giornalisti-ufficiosi pappagalli e simili." (p. 10)

 

[1941]  Erich Fromm,  Escape from Freedom (published in 1942 in England as : Fear of Freedom), Routledge, London, 1960

-  "If the individual ... is related to the world by embracing it in the act of spontaneous living, he gains strength as an individual and he gains security." "The new security is not rooted in the protection which the individual has from a higher power outside himself; neither is it a security in which the tragic quality of life is eliminated. The new security is dynamic; it is not based on protectio, but on man's spontaneous activity. It is the security acquired each moment by man's spontaneous activity. It is the security that only freedom can give, that needs no illusions because it has eliminated those conditions that necessitate illusions." (p. 227)

 

[1944]  F. A. Hayek,  The Road to Serfdom, Routledge & Kegan Paul, London, 1986

-  "... the general approval given to the demand for security may become a danger to liberty. Indeed, when security is understood in too absolute a sense, the general striving for it, far from increasing the chances of freedom, becomes the gravest threat to it." (p. 89)
-  "Thus, the more we try to provide full security by interfering with the market system, the greater the insecurity becomes; and what is worse, the greater becomes the contrast between the security of those to whom it is granted as a privilege and the ever-increasing insecurity of the under-privileged." "It is no longer independence but security which gives rank and status." (pp. 96-97)

 

[1945]  Bertrand de Jouvenel, On Power : its nature and the history of its growth (Du pouvoir : histoire naturelle de sa croissance), Liberty Press, Indianapolis, 1993

-  "The essential psychological characteristic of our age [first half of XX century] is the predominance of fear over self-confidence. The worker is afraid of unemployment and of having nothing saved for old age. His demand is for what is nowadays called 'social security'." (p. 388)
"Everyone of every class tries to rest his individual existence on the bosom of the state and tends to regard the state as the universal provider." (p. 388)

-  "... if the state is to guarantee to a man what the consequences of his actions shall be, it must take control of his activities." (p. 389)

 

[1999]  Martin van Creveld,  The Rise and Decline of the State, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1999

-  "... in Germany, the years from 1984 to 1996 saw the number of private security firms more than double  (from 620 to 1,400) while employment in them increased by no less than 300 percent. In Britain, not normally considered a particularly violent country, the number of employees in the field [of security] rose from 10,000 in 1950 to 250,000 in 1976; as growth has continued since then, the point where there are more private guards than the state has uniformed active troops (whose number stood at 237,000 in 1995) must have been passed some years ago. Similarly in the United States, already by 1972 the private security industry had almost twice as many employees, and 1.5 times the budget, of all local, state, and federal police forces combined." (p. 404)

-  "The provision of security - which since at least Thomas Hobbes has been recognized as the most important function of the corporation known as the state - will again be shared out among other entities." (p. 406)